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Saturday, 24 May 2014

SFC Scan Not Working in Win 7 [Solved]

When you run the System File Checker using the /Scannow parameter from an elevated Command Prompt, the following error may occur. Additionally, you may experience problems running Windows Installer Setup files and installing fixes from Windows Update.

Windows Resource Protection could not start the repair service

Solution 1 – Windows Vista and Windows 7

This happens if the TrustedInstaller (Windows Modules Installer) service is disabled. Use these steps to reset the service startup type.

1. Click Start, type Services.msc
2. Double-click Windows Modules Installer
3. Set its Startup type to Manual
4. Click OK.

Solution 2 – Windows Vista and Windows 7

If you are using any kind of boot image/disk to boot up, you will have to use the "offline" switches (OFFBOOTDIR & OFFWINDIR) along with the SFC /SCANNOW command in order to start repairing your installation properly.

In description below, the boot partition letter was C: and system partition was D: ...As of that - the proper command line to run SFC successfully was:
Successful scan for integrity of all protected system files and replacement of incorrect versions with correct Microsoft versions then looks like this:
X:\sources>sfc /SCANNOW /OFFBOOTDIR=c:\ /OFFWINDIR=d:\Windows

Beginning system scan. This process will take some time.

Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files and successfully repaired them. Details are included in the CBS.log
windir\Logs\CBS\CBS.log. For example C:\Windows\Logs\CBS\CBS.log

Solution 3- Windows 7 (Recommended solution: Works like Magic if using Windows 7)

1) Make the following change to your registry:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ System \ CurrentControlSet \ Control
Key: RegistrySizeLimit
Value: 0xffffff (4294967295)

2) Reboot

3) As a Administrator open a Command Prompt and run “SFC /SCANNOW”. The command should complete successfully and if any errors were found, they should be corrected.

How to Restore Missing Recycle Bin in Win Vista

To restore back the Recycle Bin in Windows Vista, follow these steps:

Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

Click Appearance and Personalization, click Personalization, and then click Change desktop icons.

Click to select the Recycle Bin check box, and then click OK.

Tuesday, 22 April 2014

How to Add Network Shared Drive Using Command Prompt : NET USE

Use normal command prompt. Do not run as admin.

net use /p:yes

net use [Drive Letter]: [\\shared_drive_path\shared_drive_name]
net use H: \\mysharedrivepath\mydrivename

Enter the user name for 'shared_drive_path': domain_name\user_name
Enter the user name for 'mysharedrivepath': mydomain\myuserid

Enter the password for 'shared_drive_path': <password>
Enter the password for 'mysharedrivepath': <password>

Monday, 21 April 2014

How to Create Outlook SAFE Mode Shortcut

You can create a new shortcut to outlook.exe and add the /safe switch;

First, determine the location of outlook.exe on your system. In general you’ll find it under;

32-bit version of Windows
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office <version number>

64-bit version of Windows
C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office <version number>

Right-Click on the Outlook shortcut > Properties > Shortcut > add the /safe switch on 'Target' > Apply > OK

Sunday, 20 April 2014

White Line Appears on Adobe Reader Preview After PowerPoint Converted to PDF [Solved]

When you try to print preview from converted PDF document (Using Adobe Reader) from Microsoft PowerPoint (with using CutePDF Writer), you may observe a thin white line line (or even more lines) on the image.

There are 2 possible solutions which can help to solve the problem.

Solution 1

1.    When PowerPoint slide is converted to PDF format, the Adobe Reader display white line on the PDF document.

2.    Edit > Preferences...

3.    Page Display > Uncheck ‘Smooth line art’ > OK

4.    The white line disappears.

Solution 2

5.    If problem persists, go to Control Panel > Printers

 6.    Right-Click on CutePDF Writer > Select ‘Printing Preferences’... > Select ‘Advanced...’


7.    Reduced the Print Quality to ‘300dpi’ > OK

8.    Convert the PowerPoint slide again to PDF format.

Monday, 10 March 2014

BitLocker - Useful Tips Using Command Line on Bitlocker

BitLocker is Microsoft's built-in encryption tool commonly used in Windows Vista and Windows 7 operating systems. In this guide, I've compiled some useful tips on using BitLocker with command line, and remote access on BitLocker. Make sure you have access the command prompt as administrator first before performing the following command line for your BitLocker.

Check Bitlocker Encryption Status
cscript manage-bde.wsf -status

Check Bitlocker Encryption Status Remotely
cscript manage-bde.wsf -cn L12345657 -status
where L1234567 refers to Computer Name of the machine

Suspend BitLocker
cscript manage-bde.wsf -protectors -disable C:

Suspend BitLocker Remotely
cscript manage-bde.wsf -protectors -disable -cn L1234567 C:
where L1234567 refers to Computer Name of the machine

Turn On BitLocker
cscript manage-bde.wsf -protectors -enable C: 

Turn On BitLocker Remotely
cscript manage-bde.wsf -protectors -enable -cn L1234567 C:
where L1234567 refers to Computer Name of the machine
Resume Paused BitLocker
cscript manage-bde.wsf –resume c:

Resume Paused BitLocker Remotely   
cscript manage-bde.wsf -cn L1234567 –resume c:
where L1234567 refers to Computer Name of the machine

Decrypt BitLocker
cscript manage-bde.wsf –off c:

Decrypt BitLocker Remotely
cscript manage-bde.wsf -cn L1234567 –off c:

Get BitLocker Recovery Pin
cscript manage-bde.wsf -protectors c: -get

Get BitLocker Recovery Pin Remotely
cscript manage-bde.wsf -cn L1234567 -protectors c: -get

Taking Ownership of TPM Using Command Line

cscript manage-bde.wsf –tpm –takeownership -<password>

where <password>  should be replaced with your own choice of password
Alternative way to type command line for taking TPM Ownership in BitLocker:

cscript manage-bed.wsf –tpm –o –<password>
where <password>  should be replaced with your own choice of password

Wednesday, 5 February 2014

PPTP VPN Error 806 in Win 7

VPN Error 806

A connection between your computer and the VPN server has been established but the VPN connection cannot be completed.

Error Code 806  - The most common cause for this failure is that at least one Internet device (for example, a firewall or router) between your computer and the VPN server is not configured to allow Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE) protocol packets. If the problem persists, contact your network administrator or Internet Service Provider.

This error indicates a router firewall is preventing some VPN protocol traffic between client and server. Most commonly, it is TCP port 1723 that is at issue and must be opened by the appropriate network administrator.
If your VPN uses PPTP, you may try the following steps as your read on.

The Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) is a method for implementing virtual private networks (vpn). PPTP uses a control channel over TCP and a GRE tunnel operating to encapsulate PPP packets. PPTP is considered cryptographically broken and its use is no longer recommended by Microsoft.

Initial Troubleshooting Steps

1.    Test  if you can VPN using mobile broadband dongle or smartphone tethering.

2.    Test if you can VPN using your internet router (using LAN cable / wifi)

If you can VPN using mobile broadband dongle or smartphone tethering but cannot VPN using internet router, the steps below might help.

Configure Firewall to accept connections to open TCP Port 1723

How to open TCP Port 1723

1.    Go to Control Panel > Windows Firewall.

2.    Click on “Advanced Settings” in the left menu.

3.    Now click on “Inbound Rules”. Next click on the “Actions” menu and then click on “New Rule…”

 4.    A Wizard will open. In the first step, select the “Port” option and click on Next.

5.    Select “TCP”. In the “Specific remote ports” space, enter “1723” and click on Next.

6.    Now select “Allow the connection” and click Next, again.

 7.    Apply the rule to everyone.

8.    In the Name and Description fields, enter anything you want and click on “Finish”

 Configure Firewall to accept connections to open IP Protocol 47 (GRE)

How to open IP Protocol 47

Set up a firewall rule with 'Windows Firewall with Advanced Security'

Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Windows Firewall with Advanced

Click on 'Inbound Rules' on left pane

Then right-click on 'Inbound Rules' > New Rule.. > Custom > ...

On the 'Protocols and ports' screen, choose 'GRE' in the 'Protocol type' dropdown box.....

Configure Windows Firewall to Automatic

1.    Start > Search ‘services.msc’

2.    Look for Windows Firewall > set to ‘Automatic’

 Configure Router to allow PPTP

To Enable PPTP and Generic Route Encapsulation (GRE) on the router, or enable PPTP, or create a port forward to port 1723. If your router has an additional setting for PPTP or VPN, make sure it’s enabled. After doing this, your computer will be ready to receive the VPN connection.

Notes: Different internet router model has different ways to enable PPTP. You may enquire your Internet Service Provider (ISP) or google for more information on how to enable PPTP on your router. Some model might also need to configure the router Firewall settings in order to work.